Minimizing Toxicity in HLA-identical Related Donor Transplantation for Children With Sickle Cell Disease

About the study

This multisite prospective study seeks to determine if HLA-identical sibling donor transplantation using alemtuzumab, low dose total-body irradiation, and sirolimus (Sickle transplant Using a Nonmyeloablative approach, “SUN”) can decrease the toxicity of transplant while achieving a high cure rate for children with sickle cell disease (SCD).

Study point of contact

Robert Nickel, MD
202-476-5000
RNickel@childrensnational.org
Allistair Abraham, MD
202-476-5000
AAbraham@childrensnational.org

Locations

4 United States sites

2 Canada sites

Age

2 Years - 25 Years

Genotypes

hemoglobin SS, hemoglobin SC

Phase

Phase 2

Study type

Interventional

Gender

All

Interventions

Drug

participation requirements

Patients with genotypes hemoglobin SS and Sβ0 thalassemia must have at least one of the following:

History of an abnormal transcranial Doppler measurement defined as TCD velocity ≥200 cm/sec by the non-imaging technique (or ≥185 cm/sec by the imaging technique) measured at a minimum of two separate occasions.
History of cerebral infarction on brain MRI (overt stroke, or silent stroke if ≥3 mm in one dimension, visible in two planes on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery T2-weighted images).
History of two or more episodes of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in lifetime.
History of three or more SCD pain events requiring treatment with an opiate or IV pain medication (inpatient or outpatient) in lifetime.
History of any hospitalization for SCD pain or ACS while receiving hydroxyurea treatment.
History of two or more episodes of priapism (erection lasting ≥4 hours or requiring emergent medical care).
Administration of regular RBC transfusions (≥8 transfusions in the previous 12 months).
At least two episodes of splenic sequestration requiring red blood cell transfusion or splenectomy after at least one episode of splenic sequestration.

Patients with all other sickle genotypes (hemoglobin SC, Sβ+ thalassemia) must have at least one of the following:

Clinically significant neurologic event (overt stroke).
History of two or more episodes of ACS in the 2-years period preceding enrollment.
History of three or more SCD pain events requiring treatment with an opiate or IV pain medication (inpatient or outpatient) in the 1-year period preceding enrollment.
History of any hospitalization for SCD pain or ACS while receiving hydroxyurea treatment.
History of two or more episodes of priapism (erection lasting ≥4 hours or requiring emergent medical care).
Administration of regular RBC transfusions (≥8 transfusions in the previous 12 months).
At least two episodes of splenic sequestration requiring red blood cell transfusion or splenectomy after at least one episode of splenic sequestration.

participation restrictions

• General: Life expectancy less than 6 months. Pregnant or breastfeeding patients.
Infection Disease: Uncontrolled bacterial, viral or fungal infections (undergoing appropriate treatment and with progression of clinical symptoms) within 1 month prior to conditioning. Patients with febrile illness or suspected minor infection should await clinical resolution prior to starting conditioning. Patients with confirmed seropositivity for HIV and patients with active Hepatitis B or C determined by serology and/or NAAT are excluded.
Liver: Direct (conjugated) bilirubin > 1.5 mg/dL, transaminases >5x upper limit of normal for age.
Cardiac: Left ventricular shortening fraction <25% or ejection fraction <50% by ECHO. Kidney: Estimated creatinine clearance less than 60 mL/min/1.73m2. Pulmonary function: Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) <35% (adjusted for hemoglobin). Baseline oxygen saturation <85% or PaO2 <70. Heme: History of RBC alloantibodies against donor RBC antigens (even if current antibody screen is negative). Major ABO incompatibility with donor.

Locations

  • Washington, District of Columbia, United States, Children's National Health System, 20010 [Recruiting]
  • Chicago, Illinois, United States, Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, 60611 [Recruiting]
  • Charlotte, North Carolina, United States, Levine Children's Hospital, 28203 [Recruiting]
  • Columbus, Ohio, United States, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 43205 [Recruiting]
  • Calgary, Alberta, Canada, Alberta Children's Hospital, T3B 6A8 [Recruiting]
  • Toronto, Ontario, Canada, The Hospital for Sick Children, M5G 1X8 [Recruiting]
Last updated 2022-03-02